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What is a Phase 2 Environmental Site Assessment?
A Phase II Environmental Site Assessment is an evaluation of a parcel of commercial real estate for potential contamination. The scope of work for a Phase 2 ESA can vary greatly and is based on the business purposes of the user. Typical tasks involved in a Phase II ESA may include:
- Additional File Reviews Not Included in the Phase 1 ESA
- Soil and Groundwater Sampling
- Soil Vapor Surveys
- Asbestos and/or Lead Based Paint Surveys
The scope of work and level of effort needed for a Phase II Environmental Assessment is specifically designed for each property.
What is the purpose of a Phase II ESA?
The primary purpose in conducting a Phase II Environmental Site Assessment is to evaluate any recognized environmental conditions identified in a Phase I ESA. The Phase II ESA will also allow a potential buyer to have sufficient information to make an informed business decision regarding the purchase of the property. Specifically, the purpose of the investigation is to obtain a better understanding of the potential environmental liabilities for the property and the financial impacts of such liabilities.
When is a Phase 2 ESA Needed?
A Phase II Environmental Site Assessment is needed when the results of the Phase I ESA indicate there is a “recognized environmental condition” (REC). A REC is defined as;
"the presence or likely presence of any hazardous substances or petroleum products in, on, or at a property: (1) due to any release to the environment; (2) under conditions indicative of a release to the environment; or (3) under conditions that pose a material threat of a future release to the environment.”
What type of properties will require a Phase II ESA?
The following types of properties will typically need a Phase 2 Environmental Site Assessment:
- Gas Stations with Underground Storage Tanks
- Automotive Repair Facilities
- Dry Cleaners with On-Site Cleaning Equipment
- Manufacturing and Industrial Properties that Used Hazardous Chemicals or Petroleum Products
- Properties with a History of Spills or Releases of Hazardous Substances or Petroleum Products
- Properties that Have Any of the Above in the Immediate Vicinity
Not all these types of properties will need a Phase II ESA. If the property is in good condition and the current owner has records to demonstrate substantial compliance with spill prevention requirements, then a simple record review may be all that is required to meet the buyer’s business needs.
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Cost Effective Phase 2 Environmental Site Assessments (ESA)
Mill Creek Environmental is your experienced and cost effective Phase 2 Environmental Site Assessment company. We specialize in assisting businesses, property owners, and potential purchasers in addressing their environmental needs in a practical and efficient manner.